Nilgiri balm (Eucalyptus) - (Neelgiri Eucalyptus):

The first thing that comes to mind when we think of eucalyptus balm is the eucalyptus tree. The eucalyptus tree is one of the tallest trees. Let's look at interesting information about the eucalyptus tree with medicinal properties.

Eucalyptus belongs to the family Myrtaceae. There are about 700 species of eucalyptus. The word eucalyptus comes from the Greek word ‘eucalyptus’. It means ‘well closed’. The flower buds of the eucalyptus tree are covered with bowl-like thin skin. So it got this name. 

Most eucalyptus trees are native to Australia. Some eucalyptus trees have also appeared in countries such as Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. From here eucalyptus trees were transported to other parts of the world and cultivated.

In tropical countries, the eucalyptus tree grows well at a temperature of 15 degrees centigrade. Eucalyptus trees can grow very tall. There are also eucalyptus trees that average 33 to 200 feet. A tree of the genus Eucalyptus amygdalina can grow up to 480 feet in height. It is also said to be the tallest tree in the world.

The juice is extracted from the leaves of this tree. They make eucalyptus oil by evaporating the juice. This oil has three different grades namely Medicinal Balm, Industrial Oil, and Perfume. If the eucalyptus tree is in one place, it will absorb groundwater faster. It will not allow the growth of other types of plants. Where there are clusters of eucalyptus trees, the groundwater level should be very low.

In India, it is grown in Nilgiris, Anai Hills, and Palani Range. An oil that has been used for a long time by the tribes. It is the best antimicrobial. The gray succulent leaves are highly oily glands. The leaves and roots have medicinal properties. The oil obtained from the fragrant leaves is easily volatile. It is grown as a roadside tree for beauty and to prevent wind speed. It is widely cultivated for its oil, resin, and wood. Its leaves are stiff and leathery in many forms. The flowers are clustered in red, white, or yellow colors.

These trees are widely used to build ships, floors, and tools. Its glue-like resin is used as an anti-diarrhea drug. Also, Used in cosmetics and soaps. Preventing bacterial generation in wounds. Heating the body will cure chest colds and colic-related diseases. Tablets, tinctures, infusions, etc. are made because of the presence of flavonoids, tannins, and resins.