Cowpea is one of the legumes. This is called flat peas. It will be in black and red. It is called Karamani in Tamil.

It thrives even in the dry land. Cowpea is known as the ‘nectar of the poor’ as it satisfies the hunger of the poor and provides them with more nutrients.

This crop can be boiled and eaten alone. It can be eaten as curry, fries, and avial. We can Soak, grind and make snacks out of it.
When buying cowpea you should buy unpeeled peas with uniform color and no holes. It is used to make soups, salads, cakes, and desserts.

History of Cowpea

Studies show that it was first cultivated in Africa about 4000 years ago. It was also cultivated in India between 200 BC and 300 BC. It is currently widely grown in South Asia, Africa, South America, and Latin America.

Nutrients in Cowpea

Cowpea is high in calcium, iron, copper, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium, zinc, and potassium. The phytonutrient biosine is found. It is also high in carbohydrates, protein, and fiber.

It is also rich in Vitamin B1 (thiamine), B9 (folates), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 ​​(pyridoxine), B3 (niacin), and B2 (riboflavin).

Medicinal uses of Cowpea

Increases digestive power
It is high in fiber. Therefore, it increases the digestive power and prevents problems including constipation and diarrhea.

Eliminates toxins

The antioxidants in cowpea help to flush out toxins in the body. And these inhibit the action of free radicals. This prevents the cells from being damaged and protects against cancer. It also contains Vitamin C which boosts the body's immune system.

Giving good sleep

Cowpea contains magnesium and tryptophan. It relieves body fatigue and promotes good sleep. People who suffer from insomnia can get a good night's sleep by eating cowpea seeds before going to bed.

Protecting the heart

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) found in cowpea helps greatly in heart health. This vitamin protects us from problems like heart failure. Also, the flavonoids found in cowpea help the heart function better. The fiber in it prevents the accumulation of cholesterol in the body and prevents blockages in the arteries.

Can reduce weight

Cowpea is low in fat. And the fiber in it stimulates good digestion and prevents excessive hunger. Thus those who think they need to lose weight should take cowpea regularly.

Preventing anemia
Anemia is caused by a deficiency of red blood cells in the body. Iron in cowpea increases the number of red blood cells and prevents anemia.

The skin is protected

The antioxidants, vitamin C, and protein in cowpea help keep skin healthy. The antioxidants in it prevent the skin from aging and protect the skin from the appearance of aging.

Protecting the bones
The calcium, magnesium, and manganese in cowpea help in the protection of the bones. So you can have this and protect the bones.

Diabetes is under control
Magnesium found in cowpea regulates insulin secretion. Thus diabetes is under control. It also eliminates fatigue and paves the way for better sleep.