The thyroid gland is a small organ located in the front of the neck. It is wrapped around our trachea. It is shaped like a butterfly and is small in the middle and has two wide wings-like structure that extends towards our throat.

The thyroid is a gland. There are glands all over our bodies. They make the hormones our body needs. The thyroid produces hormones that help regulate many vital functions of our body. When the thyroid is not working properly, it can affect our whole body.

When our body produces too much thyroid hormone, a condition called hyperthyroidism develops. When our body produces too little thyroid hormone, it is called hypothyroidism. Both of these conditions are risky one and most of the time you need to consult a doctor.

The thyroid regulates our metabolism with certain hormones - D4 (thyroxine, which contains four iodide atoms) and D3 (triiodothyronine, which contains three iodide atoms). Both of these hormones are produced by the thyroid, and they tell body cells how much energy needs to use.

When our thyroid is functioning properly, it will maintain the right amount of hormones to keep our metabolism at the right rate. As hormones are used, the thyroid produces alternatives. These are all called the pituitary gland.

Below our brain, the pituitary gland, located in the center of the skull, monitors, and controls the levels of thyroid hormones in our bloodstream. When the thyroid hormones are less or high levels, the pituitary gland adjusts the levels with its own hormone. This hormone is called "thyroid stimulating hormone" (TSH). TSH is sent to the thyroid, and the thyroid tells what to do to get the body back to normal.

Thyroid deficiency is the inability of the thyroid to produce the right amount of hormones. Our thyroid normally produces hormones that our body naturally keeps. When the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone, your body uses up energy very quickly. This is called hyperthyroidism. Utilizing energy too quickly - it can make our heart beat faster, reduce body weight, and make us tense.

If the thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone, it is called hypothyroidism. When our body has too little thyroid hormone, it can make us feel tired and gain weight.

Iodine deficiency in the diet, stress, genetic disorders, etc. is the main causes of thyroid disease. Increasing the amount of iodine in the diet does not cause any side effects. Therefore, it is important for thyroid patients to take medication for their disease and to follow a proper diet.

For early thyroid problem

Take four to five of the Sugar apple leaves. Put two tumblers of water in a bowl and put the leaves in it, boil it till it is reduced to half a tumbler and drink it on an empty stomach both in the morning and in the evening. This is a wonderful natural medicine that regulates thyroid levels.

Which food can control Thyroid?

Iodine is essential for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland in our body. Drinking one cup of skim milk daily can meet one-third of the iodine requirement.

Spinach contains the amino acids arginine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and tryptophan, as well as various vitamins and minerals. It is also rich in calcium, iron, carotenoids, organic acids and vitamin K. This will prevent thyroid disease.

Low fat curd is a good source of iodine. Therefore, curd can be included in the daily diet.

Selenium deficiency is a major cause of overactive thyroid. Therefore, mushrooms which has high in selenium should be added to the diet. Garlic is one of the foods high in selenium and can be used a lot.

Hyperthyroidism is caused by a deficiency of zinc in the body. Chicken and beef are high in zinc. In addition, iodized salt should be used for cooking rather than ordinary salt.

Potatoes are high in calories. This easily digestible vegetable is rich in vitamins and minerals. This is also high in fiber. As well as high potassium nutrients are high in potatoes. Iodine in it, make thyroid gland keeps running smoothly.

An egg contains 16% iodine and 20% selenium. So this diet makes the necessary iodine available. Also, the egg is one of the most essential for the thyroid gland.

Cereals such as oats, barley and brown rice contain nutrients including vitamin B. If you add too much of these nutrients, they will increase the metabolism in the body. This helps the thyroid gland to function properly and secrete thyroid hormone.

Drink plenty of water. Eat more fiber-rich vegetables and fruits. Foods like fish and crab are good because iodine is high in seafood.

With the advice of a doctor, neck exercises / yoga exercises can help prevent hypothyroidism.

Foods to Avoid

In today's hurry world, fast food has become a staple food. Because fast foods are high in bad fats, even if people with thyroid consume them lightly, it can affect the production of the hormone thyroxine. At the same time, even if fast food is high in salt, it may not contain enough iodine.

Processed foods are high in sodium, which can cause high blood pressure, heart disease and lower iodine levels.

Bakery foods such as bread contain some iodine, which can cause problems with digestion and damage the thyroid gland. So it is better to avoid bakery products.

Maize, flaxseed and sweet potatos are high in sulfur. In addition, these foods make the thyroid gland unable to absorb iodine. So it is better to avoid these.

Vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli can affect iodine absorption and cause hormonal imbalances. Therefore, these vegetables should be avoided.